Denmark—1846 Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation

Denmark Treaty

On October 19, 1846, a Treaty was signed between Denmark and the Hawaiian Kingdom in Honolulu and thereafter ratified by both governments. Article II of this treaty provides:

“the subjects of His Majesty the King of Denmark, residing within the dominions of the King of the Hawaiian Islands, shall enjoy the same protection in regard to their civil rights as well as to their persons and properties, as native subjects;  and the King of the Hawaiian Islands engages to grant to Danish subjects the same rights and privileges which now are, or may hereafter be, granted to or enjoyed by any other foreigners, subjects of the most favored nation.”

Neither Denmark nor the Hawaiian Kingdom gave notice to the other of its intention to terminate this treaty in accordance with the principles of customary international law.  Therefore, this treaty is still in full force and continues to have legal effect to date. Former Danish territories, which acquired their independence from Denmark, are successor States to, at the very least, Article II of the Hawaiian-Danish Treaty with regard to the citizenry of the successor State that effectively replaced the citizenry of the predecessor State in the treaty. The successor State is:

Iceland.  Independence:  June 7, 1944.

One thought on “Denmark—1846 Treaty of Friendship, Commerce and Navigation

  1. Thank you to all the people who helped Dr. Sai, help us and our people who donʻt know, know now, with documented evidences wihere our rights are…and take our lives to the next level in what ever area of work you feel will contribute to our country…special care of our ʻohana and business in our ahupuaʻa with advanced outlook for their community, will provide more than 1,000 jobs for people right in this community, who live right there, they can walk, bike or skate to work getting their exercise and communicating with the people in each area, passing acknowledgment and respect, to Dr. Sai and to Lance P. Larsen, whose name is used and mentioned needs to be recognized for his heroic stand that, was launched with the fist football being kicked/punted out, that started the game and now we are in fourth quarter mode, first down…thanks to Lance.

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