War Crime: “Americanization” of the Hawaiian Islands

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Usurpation of sovereignty is the unlawful exercise of the sovereignty of another country by a foreign government during the occupation of occupied territory. Usurpation of sovereignty is the means by which a foreign government denationalizes the inhabitants of an occupied territory through political, cultural, social and economic means. The intent of denationalizing the inhabitants is to obliterate the national character of the occupied state.

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Usurpation of sovereignty and attempts to denationalize the inhabitants of occupied territory were listed as “war crimes” after World War I by the 1919 Commission on the Responsibility of the Authors of the War and on Enforcement of Penalties. In the Nuremburg trials after World War II, Germany’s usurpation of sovereignty and their attempt to denationalize the inhabitants of occupied territories was categorized under Count III of the Nuremburg Indictment, “GERMANIZATION OF OCCUPIED TERRITORIES.”



Like the Nazis during World War II, United States President McKinley’s administration during the Spanish-American War in 1898 purported to annex the Hawaiian Islands and put into operation a plan that endeavored to assimilate Hawaiian subjects and residents of the islands politically, culturally, socially and economically into the United States of America. Their goal was to obliterate the national character of the Hawaiian Kingdom and to fortify the Hawaiian Islands as a military outpost to protect the west coast of the United States from foreign invasion. To do this, the administration enlisted the assistance of insurgents such as Sanford Dole who was appointed by McKinley as governor of the puppet government called the Territory of Hawai‘i. Dole headed the insurgency of businessmen whose leadership comprised of:

  • Charles Reed Bishop, Hawaiian subject
  • Henry Ernest Cooper, American citizen
  • Crister Bolte, Hawaiian subject
  • Andrew Brown, British subject
  • William Richards Castle, Hawaiian subject
  • John Emmeluth, American citizen
  • Theodore F. Lansing, American citizen
  • John A. McCandless, Hawaiian subject
  • Frederick W. McChesney, American citizen
  • William Owen Smith, Hawaiian subject
  • Lorrin A. Thurston, Hawaiian subject
  • Edward Suhr, German citizen
  • Henry Waterhouse, Hawaiian subject
  • William C. Wilder, Hawaiian subject
  • Charles L. Carter, Hawaiian subject
  • Samuel Mills Damon, Hawaiian subject
  • Peter Cushman Jones, Hawaiian subject
  • James A. King, British subject

AmericanizeIntimidation and propaganda in the early part of the 20th century was used by the insurgents and U.S. Armed Forces to “Americanize” the Hawaiian Islands. Hawai‘i’s history books were revised and used to “Americanize” the children in the schools throughout the islands. The Hawaiian language was shunned and replaced with English, and mass migration of United States citizens to the islands took place on a grand scale, which included people from U.S. territories and possessions. According to the 1890 Hawaiian Kingdom government census, United States citizens numbered a mere 1,928 out of a population of 89,980. Within 60 years, the number of U.S. citizens grew exponentially to 423,174 out of 499,794 by 1950 according to the U.S. Census Reports. For more information see law article: American Occupation of the Hawaiian State: A Century Unchecked. Also conscription or the drafting of Hawaiian subjects into the United States Armed Forces took place during the First World War (1914-1918), the Second World War (1939-1945), the Korean War (1950-1953) and the Vietnam War (1965-1975).

People today that have no knowledge of the Hawaiian Kingdom being an independent and sovereign State since 1843; with over 90 embassies and consulates though out the world; with 46 treaty partners in 1893; a progressive government with a limited and constitutional monarchy; a multi-ethnic national population; and international agreements settling the illegal overthrow of the Hawaiian government in 1893 that remain binding agreements today, speaks volumes as to the success of the propaganda and plan to assimilate the population into the belief that Hawaiian subjects are United States citizens and that Hawai‘i is the 50th State of the American Federal Union.

Because Germany was held to account by the international community for their illegal actions during the Second World War, Norway, France, Luxembourg, the former Soviet Union, Denmark, Belgium, and the Netherlands are not politically, culturally, socially and economically tied to Germany and they are not speaking German. But if Germany was not held accountable, these countries would no more be German through “Germanization,” than the Hawaiian Kingdom would be American through “Americanization.” Both “Germanization” and “Americanization” are War Crimes, and the situation would be regulated by the international laws of occupation and humanitarian law.

Since the Spanish-American War, the Hawaiian Islands have been under an illegal and prolong occupation by the United States, and through an effective plan of “Americanization” it has been able to conceal its occupation for over a century. Today, over 20% of the islands are under the direct control of the United States Armed Forces Pacific Command and, as a result, the islands are presently targeted for nuclear attack by China, Russia and any other adversary of the United States who are threatened by the military presence in the Hawaiian Islands.

The war criminals who set this in motion are dead, but their legacy has effectively replaced the memory of Hawai‘i’s people of the national character of the Hawaiian Kingdom. The fact that the public has no recollection of the Hawaiian Kingdom as a sovereign and independent State and that it is currently under occupation is the evidence of the war crime of “Americanization.”

13 thoughts on “War Crime: “Americanization” of the Hawaiian Islands

  1. The commercial advertiser turning into the magazine “Paradise of the Pacific” in 1888 I believe to be the most influential instrumental tool of Americanization of the Kingdom of Hawaii in the early 19th century. It is the longest running magazine in Hawaii’s History. Its goal was to achieve Statehood. After it achieved Statehood the names changed to the Advertiser & Hawaii Buisness Magazine.

  2. John Stevens, U.S. Minister to Hawai`i, writing to John Foster, U.S. Secretary of State, Nov. 20, 1892:

    “Americanize the islands, assume control of the crown lands, and the result soon will be a civilization which will make the islands like southern California.”

    (Stevens to Foster #74, November 20, 1892. Affairs in Hawai`i, Foreign Relations of the United States, 1894, p. 381)

  3. Ahh. A much better word for it! “Americanization.” Have you ever felt a feeling that Hawaii did not “feel” like America in the first place? Like even before you knew about the HK? For me for example, before I knew anything about the Hawaiian Kingdom, whenever I looked at a flagpole containing the American flag and our national flag, I felt a sense of dullishness and black-and-white imagery whenever I looked at the American flag. But when I looked at our national flag, I felt a sense of “happyness” for some reason. Though I couldn’t figure out why. Must be the “magic” of Hawaii trying to tell you that something is not right! That Hawaii does not feel like America. And lawfully speaking, we are not! And possibly that could explain why the flags looked different to my eyes!

  4. e Hawaiian Kingdom, aloha,
    I need some help and hope you can direct me (us) in the right direction.
    I have been watching for the last three weeks, tapings of Kanaka Express shown on Positive Living, Channel 27 KPXO, every Tuesday morning at 5 a.m. (yes, I know — most people are still sleeping) but this is very important to share. The tapings are very, very informative and invaluable — featuring the guest panelists: Dexter Kaiama, esq., Dr. Keanu Sai, Ph.D. and Kale Gumapac, Host, Kanaka Express. The expertise provided by these individuals is priceless. Their explanation of the issues we face in our Hawaiian Kingdom is helping me understand a lot of what I am learning off the blog. As wonderful as it is, there’s a lot of information to absorb and some of it needs better clarification for me and perhaps others, too.
    I inquired to find out if the tapings were available anywhere else: (1) KPXO said the tapings were being shown on their channel by permission from the producer on `Olelo TV and didn’t know where else I could view them, (2) `Olelo, Channel 53, has showcased Kanaka Express since 2011 and is currently showing other repeat tapings on Friday nights at 11 p.m. which I already follow. They suggested I contact the producer of the show itself to get the information I requested, (3) the producer didn’t have any information for me either.
    Not everyone has the luxury of recording technology to neither watch at their leisure nor catch the show at 5:00 in the morning. I don’t know where I can go to find the information except using this blog to ask for help. There must be someone who knows how we can access these tapes. It’s so important.

  5. Aloha and Mahalo for all your shared mana’o. Hawai’i is a magical place. Growing up I never understood why I felt a wrongness in my na’au. I was six when my parents went to vote against statehood. When the bill was passed they were so angry. I remember something said about the overthrow of the Queen, but then the school book glazed over it like it was a necessary happening for my life to be good. So many lies, so many lives hurt. It feels good today to know the truth and understand why the feelings of unrest. Now what do we do with it? For me, I have learned that my love for ‘Io needs to be above all else. The PONO in my life comes from my belief in the one true God and in His time all things will be revealed and the guilty will get their due. I pray for the people of these islands, especially the kanaka maoli, that they will also come to an understanding of who ‘Io is in there life. Aloha!!!

  6. How many live wit knowing as a young man age 19 going off to war for a country that committed a crime called High Treason against the country of ones Birthrights . I was a mercenary’s that massercured a whole village’s. Try live wit knowing that ? Stockholm syndrome is curable .

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