War Crime of Americanization: Programme for Patriotic Exercises in the Public Schools

Patriotic Exercises_TH

In 1906, a pamphlet was published titled “Programme for Patriotic Exercises in the Public Schools” for the Territory of Hawai‘i. The theme of the program was to indoctrinate the children of the Hawaiian Islands to be “American” and to speak “English.”

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The public schools would adopt one of three formations and salute to the flag, which will end with a salutation by the students in unison, “We give our heads and our hearts to God and our Country! One Country ! One Language ! One Flag !”

Here follows an excerpt from the pamphlet:


I. Formation and Salute to Flag.

(a) At three minutes to nine o’clock the children assemble in front of the school, the classes forming a circle (or circles) about the flag pole or facing the building over which the stars and stripes are to float. The principal gives the order, “Attention!” or “Face!” The boys remove hats and the teachers, and pupils watch the flag hoisted by two of the older boys. When it reaches the top of the flag-pole, the principal gives the order, “Salute!” or three cheers may be given for the flag as it is being raised.

At nine o’clock the pupils march to their class rooms to the beating of a drum or to some march played by the pianist or school band.

On reaching their class rooms, the children may stand by their seats and repeat in concert the following salutation:

“We give our heads and our hearts to God and our Country! One Country! One Language! One Flag!”

(NOTE: The flag is dipped while the children raise the right hand, forefinger extended, and repeat the pledge. When they salute, the flag is raised to an upright position.)

(b) All the children to be drawn up in line before the school building.

A boy and a girl each holding a medium-sized American flag, stand one on the right and one on the left of the school steps. Boy on the right and girl on the left. The flags should be held military style.

The children at a given signal by the principal or teacher in charge, file past the flags, saluting in correct military manner. The boys to the right and the girls to the left, entering and taking their positions in the school. The flag bearers enter last, and take their positions right and left of the principal, remaining in that position during the salutation, “We give our heads and our hearts to God and our Country! One Country! One Language! One Flag!”

The flag bearers place the flags in position at the head of the school. The boy and girl who carry the flags should be chosen from among the pupils for good conduct during the hours of school.

(c) Pupils attention! at chord on piano or organ, or stroke of drum or bell.

The teacher will call one of the pupils to come forward and stand at one side of desk while the teacher stands at the other. The pupil shall hold an American flag in military style.

At second signal all children shall rise, stand erect and salute the flag, concluding with the salutation, “We give our heads and our hearts to God and our Country! One Country! One Language! One Flag!”

Public schools in the Hawaiian Islands were established by the Hawaiian Kingdom in 1840 under the supervision of the Board of Education. In 1891, a history book was published by order of the Board of Education to be used in the public schools titled “A Brief History of the Hawaiian People.” In 1899, this book was revised to promote the propaganda of annexation and that the Hawaiian Islands were incorporated into the United States of America.

In 1945, the Allied Forces of World War II indicted, prosecuted and convicted Nazi government officials for war crimes. In Count III(j) of the Indictment, one of the war crimes was “Germanization of occupied territories.” Here follows the text of the indictment, which is eerily on point with what the United States did in the Hawaiian Kingdom through “Americanization” at the turn of the 20th century.

“In certain occupied territories purportedly annexed to Germany the defendants methodically and pursuant to plan endeavored to assimilate those territories politically, culturally, socially, and economically into the German Reich. The defendants endeavored to obliterate the former national character of these territories. In pursuance of these plans and endeavors, the defendants forcibly deported inhabitants who were predominantly non-German and introduced thousands of German colonists. This plan included economic domination, physical conquest, installation of puppet governments, purported de jury annexation and enforced conscription into the German Armed Forces. This was carried out in most of the occupied countries including: Norway, France (particularly in the Departments of Upper Rhine, Lower Rhine, Moselle, Ardennes, Aisne, Nord, Meurthe, and Mosselle), Luxembourg, the Soviet Union, Denmark, Belgium, and Holland.”

10 thoughts on “War Crime of Americanization: Programme for Patriotic Exercises in the Public Schools

  1. Aloha and thank you Dr. Sai and the Council of Regency for all your hard work and the challenges ahead with the ICC coming to Hawai’i soon.

    Well, this article is very disturbing to me. Most kupuna I grew up with kept telling their stories about how they couldn’t speak Hawaiian and getting slaps if they did…others were criticized because they could not speak english…now with this…OMG! My heart goes out to Liliu and all na kupuna back then and after 1906 who were bullied in their own country to do and say things that was not in their culture is a crime.

    With all the challenges you and your council face we will pray hard and long to ‘Io for success in all that you do.

    Mahalo Piha,

  2. Wow. I can see why they call it war crimes. Stealing of ones country. Brain washing the kids. We all lived through it. No adoption papers. Lord have mercy.

  3. I remember da days when my teachers would hit my hand a ruler when i spoke in da kanaka language. Some bitter memories from those days.

  4. Awae! Its a beautiful thing this “Americanization!” It makes my heart feel like it has been stabbed every time I hear and see evidence of this “Americanization!” Especially in the people of Hawaii themselfs! Theres not a moment in my life today that I despise this massive “child abuse” happening to the people of Hawaii! It huts me so bad seeing the people of Hawaii being taught this way! I remember when I was in elementary school and when it came time for class to start, a bugle would play an American patriotic song, where we would stand at attention and sometimes salute! After the bugle, we would then recite the Pledge of Alligence! Of course I did not think of it otherwise seeing how I was not taught Hawaii’s history, yet!

    As what Alfons Heck said in a documentary called Heil Hitler: Confessions of a Hitler Youth– “The experience of the Hitler Youth, in Nazi Germany, constitutes a massive case of child abuse. Out of millions of basic, innocent children, Hitler and his regime succeeded in creating potental monsters.”

    In our case, America has created the worse education you could ever imagine! Haha!

  5. It makes sense that they would start indoctrinating children very young. After all they would have been the most vulnerable to this type of deception. All the adults at the time knew Hawaii was never legally annexed so naturally they’d have to start with the children. Add to that the political pressure and the prohibitions placed on the general citizenry forbidding simple things like free speech and it’s a perfect recipe for brainwashing.

    It is really deeply disturbing to see just how cold, calculating and callous they were. Not to mention bold as brass! When you consider they printed this material and distributted it to every single teacher in every single school!

    You know, whenever you ask a holocaust surviver why they didn’t resist of fight back against the Nazis they usually say something like “This had never happened before.” or “We didn’t know such things were even possible” When you start to compare the two it really starts to hit home…

  6. Aloha Keanu,

    Thank you for raising these issues that needed to be exposed once and for all.

    I remember going to elementary school having to stand every morning in front of the flag pole saying the pledge of allegiance. If we did not do as we were told we’d have to go to the office, get the paddle, miss recess, stay after school depending on the teacher. Telling a child at a very young age that they’d have to skip recess or go to the office was a terrible way in which to force compliance on young children. Had I known back when I was a child that we were being lied to and that we were not Americans I probably would’ve been in that office allot more often.

  7. I too remember having to pledge allegiance to the flag, and remember doing so with pride and honor, thinking that it was a good thing to be American. I have long since been educated on the truth of my existence and my kupuna before me. It’s important that our keiki are knowledgeable and aware that being a kanaka maoli, (or for others to be a Hawaiian National or kanaka), is more than an honor and privilege. Everything now is crystal clear and it’s up to us parents, aunties, uncles, grandparents…teach them the truth. I mean think of the possibilities for us to legally evict the occupiers and reclaim our ‘aina so we can continue to care for it the way our kanaka have always done in the past. To live in balance with the land. It’s gonna take alot of awareness and re-educating of the lies that been told. Start with learning the truth and teaching it to others; malihini, kanaka, kanaka maoli alike. There has been a lot of resistance but lately I’ve been finding a few more open minded people who are listening and asking questions.. especially since the GMO protesting kicked off. I’ve always known in my heart where my allegiance has always been and it’s in my koko. Mahalo nui loa Keanu for ALL the work you started and continue to do for us kanaka maoli.

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