COVID-19: What is the Difference Between Anecdotal Evidence and Scientific Evidence

As Hawai‘i’s people begin to awake to the reality of their country, the Hawaiian Kingdom, having been under an illegal and prolonged occupation by the United States since January 17, 1893, they have to contend with conflicting information on a daily basis. It is like walking down the hallway of a house in the dark. Every door that opens is someone telling “their” story with evidence “they” gathered that “they” say supports “their” conclusion. Which story is accurate and which story is not? There needs to be some sort of standard to discern fact from fiction whether it is about the Hawaiian Kingdom or COVID-19 that is in the Hawaiian Kingdom.

Stories are called anecdotes, and information that someone may use to tell the story could be anecdotal evidence. “Anecdotal Evidence is information you obtain from a subjective report, an observation, or some kind of example that may or may not be reliable. In addition, anecdotal evidence is not scientifically valid or representative of a larger group or of conditions in another location.” In academic research, anecdotal evidence is considered a fallacy. The anecdote is the story to be told and the evidence is selectively chosen by the storyteller to support the story. This is commonly referred to as “confirmation bias” or “cherry picking” because the storyteller would ignore evidence that would undermine the story being told.

Anecdotal evidence is on the opposite spectrum of science, which is “the intellectual and practical activity encompassing the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observation and experiment.” In political science, which is social science, it is “the systematic study of governance by the application of empirical and generally scientific methods of analysis. As traditionally defined and studied, political science examines the state and its organs and institutions.”

In both the hard sciences and the social sciences, there is a reliance on theory, which is an explanation of a set of known facts. A simple way to think of it is that the theory of football exists to explain the facts of a football game. Both sciences have a critical component called research and research relies on theories and evidence.

One of the ways to discern a person using anecdotal evidence from a person using scientific evidence is to first see their credentials, whether professional or academic, that would indicate that they have a particular expertise in the subject area. You should not prefer a golf coach to explain to you a football game. Second, does the person have published articles on the subject that has been peer-reviewed. This is very important because peer-review is a form of a vetting process that qualifies a person’s explanation and conclusions of a particular subject.

The way peer-review works is a journal’s editorial board will receive a manuscript that represents the author’s research and findings. If the manuscript satisfies the editorial board’s criteria of topic and form, the editorial board will seek out academics that are recognized as experts in certain fields that are covered in the manuscript. A peer-review journal can have up to 4 referees to review and provide comment on the manuscript. Peer-review is usually double blind where the referees do not know who the author is, and the author does not know who the referees are. All the author knows is that the referees are experts in certain fields that the editorial board reached out to.

After the reviews by the referees are submitted to the editorial board, the board will go over the comments made by the referees and determine whether the manuscript is suitable for publication. Some manuscripts would be rejected, while others would be conditionally accepted with adjustments as recommended by the referees. A manuscript based on anecdotal evidence would not be accepted for publication from the start.

In the case of the Hawaiian Kingdom, the vetting process was the Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), in Larsen v. Hawaiian Kingdom. Larsen sought to hold the government of the Hawaiian Kingdom legally accountable for allowing the unlawful imposition of American municipal laws over him that caused him to have an unfair trial and be subsequently incarcerated. However, before the PCA could form an arbitration tribunal to resolve the dispute, it had to ensure that the institution had jurisdiction or authority to do so in the first place.

Article 47 of the 1907 Hague Convention (PCA) only allows access to the PCA if one of the parties is a “State” recognized under international law. The proceedings were instituted on November 8, 1999, and after the PCA verified the Hawaiian Kingdom to be a “State” an arbitration tribunal was formed on June 9, 2000. The Secretariat of the PCA, also known as the International Bureau, served as a vetting institution, and after its due diligence in reviewing the evidence through the legal theory of international law, it concluded that the Hawaiian Kingdom is an independent State.

This finding by an intergovernmental institution, falsifies the storytellers using anecdotal evidence. Since then, academics have published peer-review journal articles and publications that speak to the Hawaiian Kingdom as a State in continuity that has been under a prolonged belligerent occupation by the United States since January 17, 1893.

In this time of the pandemic, it is crucial to distinguish anecdotal evidence from scientific evidence. Dr. Anthony Fauci is an expert in this field, and he does have the credentials. More importantly, Dr. Fauci has publications on the topic of COVID-19 in peer-review journals. If Dr. Fauci lived in nineteenth century, the Hawaiian Kingdom Government’s Board of Health would have relied on his opinions and recommendations regarding COVID-19 if it arrived in the Hawaiian Islands.

9 thoughts on “COVID-19: What is the Difference Between Anecdotal Evidence and Scientific Evidence

  1. Dr. Peter McCullough has credentials that far surpass those of Fauci, and is the author of over 40 peer reviewed publications on covid. He is unmatched in terms of credentials. Initially he supported these new vaccinations, but largely on the basis of his actual experience and research has reversed course and says no one should get them (I am quite sure I cite this accurately).
    Fauci has major conflicts of interests in his financially benefiting from Moderna injections. This, and so much more about the deep corruption and such conflicts are detailed in RFK Jr.’s new book (coming out soon). It is imperative not to give undue credit to Mr. Fauci. As for the issue of “anecdotal” evidence (and the generic point above is well taken) when some 22% of the 4561deaths* subsequent to receiving the vaccines came within 48 hours !!! this is not mere “anecdotal.”

    *December 2020 to May 28 2021, and now exceeding 15,000! These are part of the nearly half million adverse events related to the vaccines–all from official US VAERS records. Some of those include uncontrollable shaking, paralysis and many, many miscarriages and excessive menstrual bleeding. Someone needs to do more investigative research before praising Fauci, mouthpiece of the Medical industrial complex!

          • The difficulties with any data out of Israel is that rarely is it made clear the provenance of the data nor what population/s the data is for. Does it include all Israeli Nationals or only Jewish Nationals and not Arabs Israeli Nationals or Christians Israeli Nationals. And how is the population of “protected persons” in the OPT [Occupied Palestinian Territories] being reported. Israel is an occupying power as the US is an occupying power. Israel, by law, discriminates against non-Jewish Israeli Nationals and, in my opinion, is engaged in what appears to be a colonial project in the occupied territories and an apartheid project throughout Israel’s recognized boundaries. In common American English, Israel imposes a “Jim Crow” regime against non-Hebrews in the role that Negroes were afflicted with in the US [not just the KKKonfederate states either].

  2. “If Dr. Fauci lived in nineteenth century, the Hawaiian Kingdom Government’s Board of Health would have relied on his opinions and recommendations regarding COVID-19 if it arrived in the Hawaiian Islands”

    This makes sense as it was prior to U.S. occupation of the Hawaiian Kingdom and prior to the relevant advancements in international criminal law or international criminal justice that are binding on all states, such as that articulated in the Nuremberg Principles.

    Clearly the same conclusion cannot and should not be drawn today since Dr. Fauci’s credibility is impeached due to being an employee of the occupying power. German officer and physician Josef Mengele had doctorates in both anthropology and medicine but I doubt that the Polish Government’s Board of Health would have relied on his opinions and recommendations even if he had had publications in Nazi journals.

    Experiments carried out without the consent of the persons experimented upon (i.e. mandatory) are considered war crimes under international law. How can the administration of a vaccine or any other medical procedure performed during U.S. occupation of the Hawaiian Kingdom be considered as anything other than ‘experimental’ under Hawaiian Kingdom law?

    Moreover, just as a notary public of the occupying power cannot be trusted to validate a signature on the deed of real property in occupied territory, an occupying power and its officers and employees cannot be trusted to administer a vaccine (whether experimental or otherwise) to the population of the occupied territory irrespective of the value of the scientific evidence presented. You can have experts and peer reviewed articles on the science of sheep but a wolf in sheep’s clothing is still a wolf.

    The following are remarks by President Clinton made on May 16, 1997 in apology for the infamous study done in Tuskegee:

    “So today America does remember the hundreds of men used in research without their knowledge and consent. We remember them and their family members. Men who were poor and African American, without resources and with few alternatives, they believed they had found hope when they were offered free medical care by the United States Public Health Service. They were betrayed. Medical people are supposed to help when we need care, but even once a cure was discovered, they were denied help, and they were lied to by their government. Our government is supposed to protect the rights of its citizens; their rights were trampled upon. Forty years, hundreds of men betrayed, along with their wives and children, along with the community in Macon County, Alabama, the City of Tuskegee, the fine university there, and the larger African American community. The United States government did something that was wrong — deeply, profoundly, morally wrong. It was an outrage to our commitment to integrity and equality for all our citizens. To the survivors, to the wives and family members, the children and the grandchildren, I say what you know: No power on Earth can give you back the lives lost, the pain suffered, the years of internal torment and anguish. What was done cannot be undone. But we can end the silence. We can stop turning our heads away. We can look at you in the eye and finally say on behalf of the American people, what the United States government did was shameful,..”

    If the U.S. government is willing to experiment on its own citizens and lie about it, what reassurance do we have that it wouldn’t experiment on the inhabitants of U.S. occupied territory and lie about it?

    Hawaiian subjects have the right to administer our own vaccines or at least the right to nominate a trusted government that is not presently at war with the Hawaiian Kingdom.

  3. Hawaiian subjects like myself have the right to believe that a vaccination administered by the Hawaiian Kingdom is of a trusted government and whose laws of governance always is righteous in its make up. And too the Hawaiian Kingdom government is very thoughtful for the well being of its loyal subjects!
    God Eternal has opened the eyes only of his chosen ones. He gives understanding to know that only that which is righteous always will prevail no matter the duration of time because His time is forever and has no end!
    I am grateful for the education of the truth revealed through the acting Hawaiian Council of Regency. My appreciation to all the hard working subjects of the Hawaiian Kingdom. Let us be found blameless in the time of his return!

  4. AMEN, I say, to those who understands deeply. YES, as a hawaiian subject….Onipa`a, I am very grateful, for the true education researched and revealed by the hawaiian subjects in the Hawaiian Kingdom.
    GOD BLESS and GRANT HIS PROTECTION!!!!!!!!!!!——The Kupau `Ohana, from Hana

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