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Registry of Denizens

Registry of Denizens
in the Hawaiian Kingdom

(circa 1840-1893)

Denization was a constitutional prerogative of the Office of the Monarch, whereby a foreigner had all the rights and privileges of a Hawaiian subject, but was not required to relinquish his allegiance to his native country as was required under naturalization. Denization was "dual citizenship," which was accompanied by an oath of allegiance to the Hawaiian Kingdom. It was reserved to those foreigners who may not have resided in the Kingdom for five years or more, but whose services were necessary in the affairs of government both local and abroad. The children of Hawaiian denizens born on Hawaiian territory were considered Hawaiian subjects. Examples of Hawaiian denizens were special envoys who negotiated international treaties and officers serving in the Hawaiian government.

If you are a direct descendent of a child of a Hawaiian denizen born in the territory of the Hawaiian Kingdom, then you possess Hawaiian nationality, unless shown it was legally extinguished.

Name Native of denization
 
- A -
Allan, George T. Great Britain 1848, Nov. 14
Armstrong, George Nelson United States of America 1890, Aug. 5
Ashford, Clarence W. Great Britain 1883, July 10
Ashford, Volney V. Great Britain 1885, Feb. 11
Austin, Wm. Russel United States of America 1883, Oct. 8
Avery, Harry E. United States of America 1884, Oct. 6
Ayer, Wellington E. United States of America 1848, April
 
- B -
Brenham, Robert B. United States of America 1892, Feb. 12
Brigham, William T. United States of America 1889, Feb. 26
Brodie, James Great Britain 1885, Jan. 29
Bruner, William Wooworth United States of America 1890, July 25
Byrne, Erasmus Daniel United States of America 1847, Sept. 25
 
- C -
Calway, John United States of America 1887, April 4
Chamberlain, Levi United States of America 1849, Jan. 23
Chang, Hong Yen United States of America 1889, July 30
Cooper, Henry E. United States of America 1891, June 30
Cox, William John Great Britain 1887, May 17
Crabb, Horatio N. United States of America 1850, Dec. 3
Craddock, S.E. Great Britain 1886, Jan. 13
Creighton, Charles United States of America 1886, Feb. 26
Creighton, Robert J. Great Britain 1886, June 29
 
- D -
Dare, John T. United States of America 1886, May 6
Dubin, Gary Victor United States of America 1999, Sept. 13
Dudoit, Jules France 1849, Jan. 23
 
- E -
Emerson, John L. United States of America 1848, Sept. 19
English, Francis M. Great Britain 1892, Sept. 29
 
- F -
Foster, William United States of America 1883, Aug. 7
 
- G -
Gallagher, Hugh James United States of America 1890, July 21
Gear, A. Van Clief United States of America 1890, July 21
Graenhalgh, William Hust United States of America 1888, Nov. 19
Gregg, David L. United States of America 1858, June 15
 
- H -
Hackfield, Henry Bremen 1859, May 20
Hamil, Paul United States of America 1890, July 25
Harris, William Joseph United States of America 1887, April 4
Hastings, Frank P. Hastings United States of America 1891, Mar. 2
Heydtmann, A.W. Germany 1886, Dec. 30
Hitchcock, Charles Edwin United States of America 1847, Oct. 2
Hoffnung, A. Great Britain 1885, Aug. 15
Hooker, James Clinton Great Britain 1886, May 31
Hore, Edward Great Britain 1886, Jan. 23
Huntsman, Dow Lee United States of America 1890, July 25
 
- J -
Jackson, Geo. E.G. Great Britain 1886, Jan. 16
Jones, J. Josiah Jamaica 1886, Jan. 25
Jones, John Walter United States of America 1890, July 23
 
- K -
Kenway, George S. Great Britain 1847, May 29
Kenyon, George C. Great Britain 1886, Jan. 23
Knapp, Joel B. United States of America 1847, Dec. 24
Knehn, Rolando United States of America 1885, Jan. 15
 
- L -
Lee, William L. United States of America 1846, Dec. 1
Lind, Charles United States of America 1887, April 4
 
- M -
Marble, Roger United States of America 2001, May 12
Marshall, James F.B. United States of America 1850, March 29
McDonald, David United States of America 1887, Mar. 22
McStocker, Frank B. United States of America 1887, Feb. 9
Myers, Zeno Kelly United States of America 1886, May 13
 
- N -
Neumann, Paul United States of America 1883, Oct. 11
Newell, Fisher A. United States of America 1846, Aug. 12
Nichols, Elijah United States of America 1885, Feb. 11
Norrie, Edmond Wright Denmark 1886, May 13
 
- P -
Parker, George Williams Great Britain 1884, May 13
Parsons, Alfred Willoughby United States of America 1847, Dec. 8
Pelley, George Great Britain 1847, April 19
Petrovita, Paul United States of America 1885, Sept. 1
Pfluger, Jno. William Germany 1884, Oct. 4
 
- R -
Reist, Jay H. United States of America 1885, Oct. 13
Reynolds, Charles B. Great Britain 1885, Nov. 15
Rhodes, Henry Great Britain 1846, Nov. 21
Ritson, John British 1887, Sept. 19
Rogers, William F. United States of America 1847, July 12
Rosenberg, Abraham Germany 1887, Mar. 4
Ross, John United States of America 1891, Oct. 28
Ross, Patrick H.W. Great Britain 1885, Sept. 1
 
- S -
Scrimgeour, Allan B. Great Britain 1886, May 13
Seward, William Todd United States of America 1890, Aug. 2
Shillaber, Theodore United States of America 1849, Jan. 24
Simonson, J. Vanderbilt United States of America 1885, April 7
Smith, Julius H. United States of America 1884, April 7
Snow, Benjamin F. 1858, Feb. 16
Spalding, Josiah Chapman United States of America 1848, Jan. 27
Spencer, Charles N. United States of America 1887, May 13
Staples, Melvin United States of America 1887, Aug. 11
 
- T -
Thiron, Henry Lardi United States of America 1887, Feb. 24
Thompson, Michael United States of America 1883, Nov. 23
Tibbey, W.H. Great Britain 1847, March 29
 
- W -
Webb, Joseph Sykes Great Britain 1884, May 13
Webb, Edward C. United States of America 1885, Nov. 18
Weeks, Harry Great Britain 1887, Mar. 5
Wood, Frank William Great Britain 1846, Aug. 21
Woolsey, Philip Sheridan United States of America 1890, July 21





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